There is potential to transform agriculture into an efficient and sustainable source of income for a large fraction of the world's population through the dissemination of new farming techniques. Mitigation opportunities in this sector could technically save as much as 6 billion tons of CO2e annually by 2030 according to the IPCC. Achieving these reductions by 2020 hinges on the ability to accelerate the use of low-carbon technologies. Incentives to support low-carbon approaches to agricultural, as well as technology and knowledge transfer are important components.
Farming approaches that enhance crop and livestock productivity while reducing CO2e emissions make attractive investments for farmers provided appropriate financing is available. Examples of cropland management techniques that reduce CO2e and enhance productivity, as reported by the IPCC, include enhanced crop varieties, extended crop rotations, and reductions in fallow (unplanted) land. These approaches could unlock billions of dollars in new business opportunities for entrepreneurs offering sustainable agriculture products and systems.
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